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【南方新课堂 备战】高考英语一轮复* unit2 the olympic games课件 新人教版必修2

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Unit 2 The Olympic Games

1.compete vi.比赛;竞争;对抗
compete for 为得到……而竞争 compete against/with sb.与某人对抗/竞争

compete in 在……中进行竞争

运用 完成句子 (1)他即将跟一位名棋手对垒。 compete against/with a famous chess player. He is going to ____________________

(2)奥运会上很多运动员正在争夺金牌。
are competing in for the Many athletes __________________ the Olympics ____ gold medal.

2.admit vt.& vi.容许;承认;接纳;准许进入
admit that-clause 承认…… admit sth./doing sth.承认/供认/招认做过某事

admit sb./sth.to/into 准许某人/某物进入;接收某人(入院或
入学等) 运用 完成句子 (1)这所学校每年招收六十名男女新生。 admits sixty new boys and girls every year. The school _____________________________ (2)乔治从不认错。 admit being wrong George would never _________________. (3)他招认偷了那辆汽车。

admitted that he had stolen the car. He ______________

3.charge vt.& vi.收费;控诉 n.费用;主管 in charge 主管;看管;负责 in charge of sth.主管/负责某事 in the charge of sb.由某人主管/负责 take charge of 掌管;负责 free of charge 免费 charge (sb.) for sth.就某物(向某人)索价 charge sb.with (doing) sth.控诉某人(做了)某事

运用 完成句子
(1)西蒙被指控酒后开车。 was charged with drunken driving. Simon _________________

(2)剪发要多少钱?
charge for a haircut How much do you _____________________? (3)所有的物品免费送货。 free of charge All goods are delivered _______________. (4)李老师负责我们的英语课,张老师负责我们的语文课。 in charge of Mr.Li is ______________ our English class, and our Chinese

in the charge of Mr.Zhang. class is ________________

4.bairgain vi.讨价还价;讲条件 n.便宜货;交易;买卖 bargain with sb.about/over/for sth.就某事与某人讨价还价

make a bargain with sb.about/over/for sth.就某事与某人达成
协议/做交易 运用 完成句子

(1)他和他们做了一笔满意的交易。 made a satisfactory bargain He ____________________________ with them. (2)他就财产与他们进行商议。 bargained with He _________________ them for the property.

5.deserve vi.& vt.应受(报答或惩罚);值得
deserve well/ill of sb.应受到某人好的/坏的待遇 deserve to be done=deserve doing 值得做…… 运用 完成句子 (1)她在工作上获得晋升是应该的。 deserved a promotion She _______________________at her job. (2)他犯了如此严重的错误应当受到惩罚。 to be punished/punishing for He deserved ____________________________ making such a serious mistake. (3)她应受到雇主好的待遇。 deserved well of the employer. She __________________

用本单元所学单词及用法完成下列句子 1.北京奥运会的口号是“同一个世界,同一个梦想”。 motto The _________ of the Beijing Olympics was “One World, One Dream”.

2.我负责管理财务。
in charge of financial affairs. I am ___________ 3.这件大衣半价,真是便宜货。 bargain This coat is half price; it is a real ________.

4.现在,孩子们经常宁愿玩玩具也不愿进行户外活动。 Nowadays ____________, children often prefer playing with toys to having outdoor activities. 5.在工厂里,机器人取代了大多数工人。 are replaced with robots. In the factory most of its workers _____________ 6.酒后驾车将被罚款。 be fined People driving drunk will __________. 7.他给了他们一个快速的答复。 He gave them a _________ swift reply.

8.他犯了一个严重的错误,可是他拒不承认。 to admit He made a terrible mistake, but he refused ___________ it. 9.你已经工作了一个上午,该休息一下了。 deserve a rest. You've been working all morning—you ________ 10.几家公司正为争取一项合同而互相竞争。 are competing for Several companies ___________________ a contract.

1.take part in 参加;参与(活动、比赛、会议等) 辨析 take part in/join/join in/attend (1)take part in 指参加群众性的活动、会议、比赛、游行等, 往往指参加者持有积极的态度,发挥一定的作用。 (2)join 指加入某党派、组织或社会团体,以及参军等。 (3)join in 通常指参加小规模的活动(如球赛、游戏等),尤 指和其他人一起参加。当表示“与某人一起做某事”则用 join sb.in sth./doing sth.。

(4)attend 指参加会议、婚礼、葬礼、典礼,或去上课、上

学、听报告等,参加者只是去听、去看,自己不一定起积极作
用。 运用 用上面所提供的辨析词或短语的适当形式填空 took part in May 4 Movement. (1)A great number of students __________ joined the army. (2)When I graduated from high school, I ________ join in (3)Come along, and _________ the ball game. attended the (4)On our graduation day in 1972, Frank and I _________ ceremony at Yale.

2.stand for 代表;象征;表示
stand by 袖手旁观 stand by sb.支持某人;站在某人的一边

stand out (from) (从……)脱颖而出;突出
stand up 站立;站起来 运用 完成句子 (1)美国国旗代表自由与公*。 stands for freedom and justice. The American flag ____________ (2)无论如何,我都支持你。 stand by you I'll _______________ whatever happens. (3)他身材高大,因此在人群中很突出。

stand out His height makes him _____________ in the crowd.

用本单元所学短语及用法完成下列句子 1.——我猜你很快就要离开了,是吗?

——不是的,实际上我还会停留两个月。
—I suppose you're leaving soon, then? as a matter of fact I'll be staying for another two —No, ________________ months. 2.奶奶每半年定期到医院检查一次身体。 Grandma goes to the hospital for a physical examination every on a regular basis half year ___________________.

3.在影响人们的观念方面,媒体扮演着一个重要的角色。 plays an important role/part in influencing people's The media _______________________
opinions. 4.字母 UN 代表什么? stand for What do the letters UN __________? 5.掉下来的是一把钥匙、一个背包还有一个钱包。 as well Off dropped a key, a knapsack, and a wallet ________.

6.很多学生参加了志愿者工作。 took part in the volunteering work. Many students ____________
7.幸运一个接一个地来。

one after another Lucks came _________________.

原句 1 That's why they're called the Winter Olympics. 那就 是为什么把它们叫做冬季奥运会的原因。

“That's why...”中 why 引导表语从句,强调结果;“That's
because...”中 because 引导表语从句, 强调原因;“That's the reason why...”中 why 引导同位语从句。 精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子 (1)那正是他对我生气的原因。 That's why _____________ he got angry with me.

(2)那是因为他没有理解我。
________________ That's because he didn't understand me.

原句2

No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or

women!没有别的国家能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能参加! “neither/nor + be 动词/助动词 / 情态动词+主语 ” 意 为 “……也不”,承接前面的否定句,用部分倒装语序。 注意 “so+be 动词/ 助动词/ 情态动词+主语” 意为 “……也”,承接前面的肯定句,用部分倒装语序。

精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子
(1)我以前没有去过湖南,我妹妹也没有去过。 neither/nor has my sister I haven't been to Hunan before and _____________________. (2)如果你们今晚去看电影,我也去。 so will I If you go to the cinema tonight, ___________.

运用所学语言基础知识,补充完整下面短文,并背诵之 take part in ( 参 加 ) the school Zhang Minli was to (1)____________ compete against/with sports meeting in three weeks.She would (2)__________________ ( 与 …… 竞 争 ) the opponents from other classes in three events for the first place 为了获得第一名).She promised that she (3)_________________( as well as would fight for herself (4)____________ ( 和) for the honor of her class.She knew it played an important role in victory to get good preparations for (为……做好准备) the competitions, (5)______________________

so she asked the teacher for advice and then she took an active part in training.As a matter of fact, she did take the first place in the

three events.When interviewed, she (6)_____________ admitted that (承认……)
the training was boring and hard, but the honor of the class deserved (7)____________ (值得) the struggle.

“模仿朗读”备考指导(三) 连读 在连贯地说话或朗读时,在同一个意群(即短语或从句)中, 如果相邻的两个词前者以辅音音素结尾,后者以元音音素开头, 就要自然地将辅音和元音相拼,构成一个音节,这就是连读。 如 在 句 子 “We have an English friend.” 中 , have 和 an, an 和 English 可以连读。连读时的音节一般不重读,只需顺其自然地 一带而过,不可以加音,也不可以读得太重。

以下几种情况常要连读:
(1)(词末)辅音+(词首)元音 It is an old book.这是一本旧书。 Let me have a look at it.让我看一下它。 (2)(词末)r/re+(词首)元音 Here are four eggs.这有四个鸡蛋。 I looked for it here and there.我到处找它。 (3)(词末)辅音+(词首)半元音 英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结 尾,后一个词是以半元音(特别是/j/)开头,此时也要连读。如: Thank you.谢谢。 Nice to meet you.很高兴见到你。

调查类作文 调查的结果往往会用表格或图表的形式来表述,因此高考 中调查类作文常用“少量文字+表格或图表”的形式来命题。

【谋篇布局】
1.写作时,第一句开门见山地交待调查的基本情况,即阐 述调查的时间、对象、主题等情况。(1 句) 2.阐述调查结果,描述表格中的数据所反映的情况、数据

间的主要差异或趋势,或有的还要求谈谈数据所反映出来的问
题,并分析原因。(3 句) 3.提出个人观点或对解决该问题提出建议。(1 句)

【实用套语】
1.交待调查的时间、对象和主题 (1)Last week, we did a survey among 2,600 students on

“who is your idol”.
上周,我们以“谁是你的偶像”为题,在 2600 名学生中进 行了一次调查。 (2)I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of surfing the Internet. 最*我对我班的 60 名同学进行了调查,看他们上网做什 么。

(3)Last week, we did/conducted/carried out a survey among all the students in our school on the time they spent in sleeping every day. 上周,我们就每天的睡眠时间对全校学生进行了调查。

(4)Recently, a survey has been done to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money.
日前,针对中学生零用钱的消费方向,对某中学学生进行

了问卷调查。

2.阐述调查结果
(1)From the table, we can conclude (that) over 20% of the teenagers are addicted to smoking. 根据上表,我们可以得出如下结论:超过 20%的青少年吸 烟上了瘾。 (2)As is shown in the above table, Senior Three students spend the least time in sleeping. 如上表所示,高三学生睡眠时间最少。 (3)As can be seen from the table above, more than 70% of the students have formed a very good habit of study. 从上表可以看出,70%以上的学生已经形成了良好的学* *惯。

3.描述数据所反映的问题

在描述调查结果所反映出来的问题时,考生可以用非限制
性定语从句或分词短语来表达。如: (1)30% of the students questioned say they think it better not to have physical exercise, which shows/mirrors/reflects/reveals

that these students lack the awareness of keeping healthy.
在被调查的学生中,有 30%的人说,他们认为最好不要进 行体育锻炼。这表明,这些学生缺乏保持健康的意识。

(2)Only seven percent of the students are interested in looking up new words in the dictionary, showing/mirroring/reflecting that owing to their laziness, these students would rather be given

everything by their teachers.
只有 7%的学生喜欢利用词典查生词,这表明这些学生由于

太懒,宁愿老师包办一切。

4.阐述个人观点或建议

(1)As far as I am concerned, effective measures should be
instantly taken to help students to spare time for slee-ping. 在我看来,应该立即采取有效措施来帮助学生获得休息时

间。
(2)From my own perspective, we should take action to help students to make good use of study time.

在我看来,我们应当采取措施帮助学生好好利用学*时间。

假如你是李明,某报社委托你在就读的中学生进行关于午
睡情况的问卷调查。请根据下表中的内容(打√的选项为大多数 人的选择),用英语写一封信,简要向报社介绍调查的结果。 午睡情况调查表 1.你有午睡的*惯吗? A.有 B. 没有

2.你大约何时开始午睡?

□A.12:00

□B.12:30

C.13:00

3.你通常午睡多长时间? A. 约 15 分钟 B. 约 30 分钟 C.约 50 分钟

4.你通常在什么地方午睡?
A. 教室 B. 家中 C.宿舍

5.你认为午睡有好处吗? A.有 B. 没有 C. 不确定

[写作内容] 请根据以上调查的结果写一篇调查总结,并简要谈谈你对 午睡的好处的看法。 [写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容; 2.调查的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总句数; 3.参考词汇:午睡 take a nap after lunch; 宿舍 dormitory Dear Editor, Recently I have conducted a survey on taking a nap after lunch in my school. ... Yours, Li Ming

范文诵读:
Dear Editor, Recently I have conducted a survey on taking a nap after lunch in my school.Most of the students have the habit of sleeping for a while at noon.The majority prefers to take a nap around 13:00 and it usually lasts for about 50 minutes.They often choose to sleep in the dormitory instead of at home or in the classroom.When it comes to the benefits of taking a nap, they all agree that it does some good to their health.As we know, with a nap after noon, one can feel refreshed and energetic enough to study more efficiently in the afternoon. Yours, Li Ming




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